Discover the Mysteries of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park: Uganda’s Natural Gem

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is Africa’s best gorilla trekking park and home to the thick lowland and montane forest. Bwindi became a National Park in 1991 making it one of the beautiful parks to explore on a Uganda safari. It was recognized as a UNESCO Site in 1994 and spans over This lush forest protected area largely contains a mist-covered rainforest which dates back to more than 25,000 years.

Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park is located in the distant Southwestern Uganda at the border with the D.R. Congo and very close to the Great Virunga National Park. This rainforest-dominated park is one of the bio-diverse destinations supporting a total of 120 species of mammals, 221 butterfly species, 160 tree species, 105 ferns, and 360 bird species plus several flowering plants. It is the main water catchment area and source of water for most streams and rivers such as Munyaga, Ihihizo, Ishasha and Ntengyere.

Most of the park’s rivers empty their water to nearby large lakes such as Lake Edward, Mutanda and Bunyonyi. By nature, Bwindi contains a dense tropical forest and receives a significant amount of rainfall all year-round.


More than 120 species of mammals and other faunal species are all contained within the dense Bwindi Impenetrable Forest Park. These include 11 primate species such as pottos, chimpanzees, blue monkeys, red-tailed monkeys, black & white colobus monkeys, DeBrazza monkeys, vervet monkeys, galagos, l’hoest monkeys and over 459 mountain gorillas. Other wildlife to see on a safari in Bwindi include the giant forest pigs, side stripped jackals, yellow-backed duikers, forest elephants, black-fronted duikers, buffaloes, clawless otters, golden cats, African civet, and more.

Bwindi Forest National Park’s main attractions are the rare mountain gorillas. Read More

8 Day Uganda Primates Safari

Gorilla Tracking in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Gorilla trekking is interestingly the most leading safari activity that Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park has to offer the world. Mountain gorillas live only in the 4 African parks and include Bwindi Forest National Park, Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, Virunga and Volcanoes National Parks. Over 459 mountain gorillas are contained within the park’s lush forest and comprise of 20 habituated gorilla families.

Tracking gorillas in Bwindi Forest Park like any other park begins with briefing in the respective trailheads and there are 4 regions. These include Ruhija, Rushaga, Buhoma and Nkuringo, each region consisting of fully habituated families of mountain gorillas. Read More

Gorilla Habituation Experience

Gorilla habituation experience is a unique primate adventure to only Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. This is done only in the Rushaga area, one of the Southern gorilla regions in Bwindi. Unlike the normal trekking, gorilla habituation offers guests full/half day following the unhabituated families of gorillas and 4 hours of a close encounter and photography. A 3-Day Gorilla Habituation Tour can be arranged to Bwindi and each permit is issued at USD 1500 per person.

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park - Gorillas
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park - birding

Birding in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Bwindi holds the largest population of endemic bird species making it a preferred birding location in Uganda. There are lots of birds to be identified and include the white-tailed flycatchers, yellow-eyed black flycatchers, western bronze-napped pigeon, red-faced woodland warblers, short-tailed warblers, red-tailed bulbul, western green tinker bird, white-bellied robin chat, handsome francolins, Kivu ground thrush, white-tailed blue monarch, Frazer’s eagle owl, fine-banded woodpeckers, Dusky crimson wing, bar-tailed trogon, cinnamon-chested bee-eaters, brown necked parrots, archer’s robin chat, regal sunbirds, African wood owl, black billed turacos, blue headed sunbird, yellow-streaked greenbul, African green broadbill and more.

Nature walks/hiking

If there is one spot to consider for nature walking/hiking, then Bwindi Impenetrable Forest should be a must-visit. The park has incredible trails across its sectors each rewarding nature lovers with amazing sightings of colorful butterflies, primates, birds and floral species. You can embark on the Buhoma-Nkuringo trail or start from Nkuringo-Lake Mutanda, etc. There is also bamboo, Mubwindi, Munyaga River trail and more trails worth conquering on a guided nature walk or hiking.

uganda - trekking

Biking or cycling

Cycling or biking is an amazing experience offered by the Ride 4 a Woman around Buhoma area. Biking expedition is done using hired bikes from the Ride 4 a Woman, and local guides will take lead through Buhoma area/community.

Visit the Batwa community

The Batwa community offers an incredible cultural experience, a remarkable opportunity to interact with the Batwa pygmies. These are the ancient inhabitants of Bwindi Impenetrable Forest and lived for thousands of years in the forest as hunters and gatherers. This is an educative cultural tour which allows you to meet, explore the unique cultures and traditions of local residents among others

When to visit Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

The weather conditions in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park are favorable thus making the park an all year-round travel destination. But the best time to travel and visit Bwindi is around June, July, and August to September or December, January to February. These are the dry months of the year, the excellent months for gorilla trekking, hiking or nature walks. The wetter months occur from March to May & October till November; these are ideal for birding tours.